In addition to the annoying noise their wings make as they fly, mosquitos natively carry and will transmit a number of diseases to humans, including malaria, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Ross River virus, Barmah Forest virus and dengue fever (1).
They feed on blood from animals (humans included) and it’s during this feeding process that they deposit harmful micro-organisms into the host’s blood. The sting is very painful and causes an irritating rash that can be very uncomfortable.
The lifecycle of the mosquito
Knowing and understanding how mosquitos reproduce and the different stages of development is important as it can help you reduce or prevent mosquito reproduction near your home.
Like most flying insects, mosquitos go through four stages during their life: egg, larva, pupa and finally adult. The adult female mosquito lays its eggs in stagnant water, be it in pools, puddles or in vessels that hold water. After this, the eggs hatch in the water and the larva, otherwise known as the “wriggler”, emerges.
The larva lives in the water and feeds until it develops into the next stage; the pupa. The pupa is also aquatic but does not require to feed anymore. It is at this stage that the mosquito develops its features. 2-7 days later, the adult mosquito emerges.
The whole process takes about 4 to 14 days depending on the current conditions such as temperature and food availability. Different species will also have different durations. (2)
Now that we understand that mosquitos require stagnant water to reproduce, it is much easier to control them and avoid infestation. All you need to do is to get rid of any stagnant water in your property and you will have effectively inhibited breeding. Some of the measures you can take to ensure there are no breeding spots for mosquitos near your home include:
- Draining or filling pools of water that may develop in your yard.
- Unclogging and clearing gutters.
- Properly disposing of containers and other items capable of holding water.
- Drilling holes in the bottom of your outdoor bins to drain water.
- Cleaning your pool regularly and ensuring that it is always chlorinated.
These measures will help prevent mosquito breeding in your garden. But mosquitos can still fly in from other areas. It is, therefore, crucial that you ensure that mosquitos that fly in do not get a settled in your garden. Clear the bushes around your home and mow your lawn regularly. This will ensure that the mosquitos do not find a comfortable place to hang around. (3)
Mosquito control products
As a second line of defence against mosquitos, professional mosquito control products should be used to ensure that mosquitos stay out of your home and compound. Pestrol has a variety of effective products that can help you out.
Some of these are:
1. The Pestrol Outdoor Dominator . The device uses 2 UV bulbs to produce a warm light that attracts flying insects. A titanium dioxide coated funnel fitted inside the device produces carbon dioxide that is irresistible to mosquitos. The lured mosquitos are sucked inside by a powerful yet quiet vacuum fan into a retaining cage where they are trapped.
2. The Pestrol Bug Eater . This device kills mosquitos by drowning. The device contains an attractant that draws in the mosquitos into the trap. It is chemical free and will work quietly and discretely to take care of your mosquito problem.
With the proper measures and equipment, mosquitos can be eliminated completely from your home and garden.