Rats are medium-sized, long-tailed rodents that are common pests in homes all over the world. Although there’re several reasons why you wouldn’t want these pests inside your home, the most prominent is their destructive nature.
Rats gnaw on almost any material they come across from wire insulation to plastic pipes.
This not only causes expensive damage to your home, but also exposes your home to the risk of fire due to the naked wires left behind.
Additionally, rats can spread diseases to humans and pets. Diseases can be spread directly through bites, contaminated food and inhalation or ingestion of rat droppings and other excretions. Rats could also have other pests on them such as ticks and fleas which they could introduce into your house causing indirect disease propagation.
The lifecycle of a rat
Rats do not have specific breeding seasons and will usually reproduce throughout the year provided the conditions are favourable.
Females reach sexual maturity in about 5 weeks and can produce up to five litters a year. A single litter could produce as many as 14 young. This quick reproduction means that infestations will develop quickly if not acted upon expeditiously.
In favourable conditions, a rat will live for about 3 years but this is reduced to one year for most rats due to unfavourable living conditions. (Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_rat#Reproduction_and_life_cycle)
How to identify a rat infestation
Because rats are nocturnal creatures that stay hidden during the day, spotting a live one is quite difficult. You’ll, therefore, need to rely on common signs to identify this kind of infestation. These signs include:
– Droppings shaped like grains of rice and dark brown in colour.
– An ammonia-like smell that is strongest in enclosed spaces such as lofts and closets.
– Scratching noises coming from under the floor, decking and in walls as rats move around.
– Nests built in warm hidden places usually with shredded materials such as newspapers and fabrics.
– Damaged property and ripped food packaging will also point to a rat infestation.
Prevention and control
Rats are attracted to your house by two things; food and shelter. Deny them access to these and you’ll successfully avoid an infestation. This can be done by:
– Keeping your house clean and tidy. Vacuum regularly, do the dishes, clean food related messes and avoid clutter.
– Keeping your food in secure containers preferably those made from glass or metal.
– Checking and sealing all holes in your house’s walls.
– Covering bins used for food waste.
Although these precautions will help keep rats away, their effectiveness is not guaranteed. They’ll also not work for already existing infestations. For the best results, you’ll have to use professional rat control products. Our range of pest control products include:
- Pestrol Rat/Mice Multi catch – large. The LARGE PESTROL Multi Catch Mouse Trap is perfect for the live capture of multiple mice at one time. The LARGE PESTROL Multi Catch Mouse Trap can hold up to 20 mice at one time. The LARGE Multi Catch Mouse Trap can be reused over and over. https://www.pestrol.co.nz/buy-online/mouse-trap/
- Pestrol Rodent Free. The rodent free device can be used for both control and prevention of a rat infestation. It uses a combination of ultrasonic, electromagnetic and ionic technologies to irritate all rodents out of your home. It’s safe for you and the environment as it does not use any chemicals. https://www.pestrol.co.nz/buy-online/pestrol-rodent-free/
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